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Reasonism Memes

About (5)

I am NOT saying that all religious ideas are bad. All I am saying is that there are plenty of religious preachings that contradict each other, as well as our instinctual sense of right and wrong, including many of the things we know to be factually correct based from evidence gathered from our individual observations and through scientific methods.

All I am advocating for is the need to discuss the impact of religious ideas on the way we as individuals and as societies, live our lives. If we do not, we will all suffer the consequences of operating our societies based on false premises and beliefs.

Most of us assume that religions are benign. Going to church, for example, is just a social gathering, for many of us who are moderately religious. We often fail to see or question how organised religions, including religious beliefs and ideas exacerbate, and sometimes cause, the problems of the many issues we face today:

1. Terrorism

2. Freedom Of Speech and Expression

3. Honour killings

4. Genetal mutilation

5. Denial of Gay Rights

6. Denial of Women's Rights

7. AIDS and condoms

8. Teenage Pregnancy

9. Stem Cell Research

10. Euthanasia

And many more...

Our religions are involved in our politics. They will to shape the laws in which we all live by. So long as this is the case, then it is everybody's responsibility and obligation to investigate, criticise and scrutinise them as we do any political party.

Our religions are involved in commerce. They are selling us their own version of the truth. Religions and sects are selling books, DVDs, CDs and other gizmos while recruiting many members from whom they can extract donations and other forms of financial contribution. As consumers and potential customers of such organisations, we are all entitled to question and ask: Is this really what is right for me, for my children and for other people I know?

Friday, 12 June 2009 22:33

What Is The Main Aim Of This Website?

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We are all seeking the truth. We are all asking questions about who we are, why we are here and how we should live our lives.

The problem is, much of the information available everywhere is filtered, modified or adjusted to suit the bias of particular religions. How can we ever hope to arrive at the truth when we choose to see, or are being shown, only their side of any argument?

The main aim of this website is to encourage and promote discourse amongst us as we try to answer ask life's deep questions instead of just believing what they have been told or led to believe by their parents and religious preachers.

Friday, 12 June 2009 22:33

What Is The Scientific Method?

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Instead of accepting religious and superstitious explanations to the things we do not yet understand, Reasonists rely more on enquiry and the scientific method.

Non-scientists loosely use the word 'theory' in place of words like a 'hunch' or 'guess'. When people hear about 'The Theory Of Evolution', they say things like, "Well, it is just a theory".

In science, however, the word 'theory' is not an individual's hunch or guess that remains unproved or untested. Before something is recognised as a theory, it goes through a rigorous process. We need to understand the process by which scientists come to understand what they purport to know. This is referred to as 'The Scientific Method'.

William K. Tong of the Oakton Community College, in Illinois, provides us with a good definition of The Scientific Method:

"The scientific method attempts to explain the natural occurrences (phenomena) of the universe by using a logical, consistent, systematic method of investigation, information (data) collection, data analysis (hypothesis), testing (experiment), and refinement to arrive at a well-tested, well-documented, explanation that is well-supported by evidence, called a theory".

What we need to recognise is that scientific theories have been observed, tested and verified in many experiments, by many different, independent sources. To explain this process, let us use an example of how a theory is developed using the scientific method:

1) I make an observation: Every time the sun rises, it is always from the east.
2) I hypothesise: The sun must rise from the east.
3) I test this idea: I will go everywhere I can possibly go and verify that the sun is always rising from the east.
4) I publish it: "My research has indicated the sun always rises from the east, wherever it is observed."
5) Other people verify it: This research will then be corroborated by others, from all over the world to confirm that the sun indeed rises from the east.
6) We agree now that our theory has enough evidence. Out of say, 10,000, independent case studies, we are 100% sure the sun rises from the east. We now have a theory.
7) Maybe one day, the sun will begin rising from the west. We cannot know for sure. When it does, we will modify our theory.

As we can see, theories are far from the unproved speculations of a single scientist who just had one too many cups of coffee, late one night. Scientific method is not simply about asserting what you think is true. It may make assumptions but it does not require faith because it simply works with the evidence it has. It is a method that seeks for truth through testing ideas and conducting experiments to verify whether these ideas are true. Ideas are cross-referenced and open for widespread criticism, enquiry and debate. The scientific method requires evidence that is, understandable, relevant, reliable, observable and verifiable.

The most important aspect of a scientific theory is that it must be FALSIFIABLE. It must be clear how and when that theory is no longer valid. In our example above, the theory will remain to be true until someone makes an observation that the sun is rising from another direction. If something is not falsifiable, it is not a true scientific theory. It is a philosophy.

[This is an excerpt from the Tyranny Of God on the Scientific Method, p258]

Friday, 12 June 2009 22:33

About Reasonism.Org

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Whether you are a Christian, Muslim, Jew, Agnostic or Atheist, you are to the Reasonism website! If you are currently wondering what the truth is behind God and religion, then this website may be a valuable reference to you. Here, we discuss a variety of topics from Science, Evolution, Religion, Superstition, Atheism and other related topics. We hope you enjoy your visit.

Friday, 27 March 2009 17:21

What Is Reasonism?

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When I was writing The Tyranny Of God in 2008, I was looking for a word that can define my philosophy. Defining myself as an atheist did not seem the right fit for many reasons. I looked for the right word. There were rationalism, positivism, existentialism but they all have an existing history given to them by previous thinkers and authors. Then I realised that what the religious mind prioritised was faith over reason. Ultimately, the religous mind rejects and accepts any reasonable proposition based on their religious faith. Therefore, there was such a thing as Faithism. What I was advocating was more a philosophy of reason over faith. I was a Reasonist. On matters beyond our understanding, it is more reasonable to believe in things for which we have good evidence rather than believing things simply by a asserting their truths as a matter of faith. It is therefore a way of reasoning without resorting to faith and superstition.

Reasonism is therefore a philosophy based on the following statement:

For us to believe in something, we must have good reasons to believe it. A reason is a good reason if it is based on intelligent ideas. Ideas are intelligent if they have the power to predict. We can only predict when we acquire the knowledge we need that are close to the truth, allowing us to arrive at models and theories that help us make predictions. To do this, we need to use good information. Good information is something that is based on good evidence. Good evidence must be understandable, relevant, reliable, independently verifiable, comparable and consistent.

- Marquez Comelab, The Tyranny Of God, p258.